Sign up for
Say NO to Labels
NO Generic Services
Say YES to
• Up • Categories of Assistive Technology • Computers for People with Disabilities •
|Categories of Assistive Technology
- Aids for Daily Living
- self-help aids for use in activities such as
eating, bathing, cooking, dressing, toileting , and
home maintenance. Example: grab bars and a
shower chair for bathing.
- electronic and non-electronic devices that
provide a means for expressive and receptive
communication for persons with limited speech.
Example: using voice-output augmentative
communication device for a person with limited
speech ability to effectively communicate with
teachers, classmates , and family members.
- Computer Applications
- input and out put devices, alternative access
aids, modified or alternative switches, special
software, and other devices that enable persons with
disabilities to use a computer Example:
Voice activated system for computer, allows an
individual with limited use of hands to write
articles without the need for a keyboard.
- Environmental Control Systems
- primarily electronic systems that enable someone
with limited mobility or fine motor skills to
control various devices such as appliances ,
electronic aids and security systems in his/her own
room, home or other surroundings. Example:
equipping a home with electronic controls for the
doors, lights , television and radio to allow
greater independent functioning in the home.
- Home/Worksite Modifications
- structural adaptations, fabrications in the
home, worksite or other areas (ramps, lifts,
bathroom changes) that remove or reduce physical
barriers for an individual with a disability.
Example: using stair glide installed in the
home to have access to the first and second levels
of the home for a person who has difficulty using
- Prosthetics and orthotics
- replacements, substitutions or augmentation of
missing or malfunctioning body parts with artificial
limbs or other orthotic aids (splints, braces, et.)
Example: using a leg prosthesis in order
- Seating and Positioning
- accommodations to a wheelchair or other seating
system to provide greater body stability, trunk
/head support and an upright posture, and the
reduction pressure on the skin surface (cushions,
contour seats, lumbar supports). Example:
Equipping a wheelchair with straps to prevent injury
to lower body, give greater upper body support and
to secure while chair is in motion.
- Vision Aids
- magnifiers, Braille and speech output devices,
large print monitor. Example: adapting the
computer at work with a large print monitor for a
person with a visual impairment.
Sensory Aids for People who have a hearing
- telephone amplifiers, hearing aids, assistive
listening devices, text telephone, visual alerting
systems. Example: a person who is deaf
using a text telephone for business transactions and
equipping an entrance with a signal light to
indicate to them someone has entered. Amplifing
sounds for a person who has a hearing impairment
- Wheelchair/Mobility Aids
- manual and electric wheelchairs, mobile bases
for custom chairs , walkers, three wheel scooters
and other utility vehicles used for increasing
personal mobility. Example: upgrading from
a manual wheelchair to a power wheel chair allowing
for greater mobility and increased independence.
- Vehicle Modifications
- adapting driving aids, hand controls,
wheelchairs and other lifts, modified vans and other
motor vehicles used for personal transportation.
Example: Driving a van with adaptive control
and a lift to accommodate a person who uses a
Resource - Pennsylvania's Initiative on Assistive
Technology (PIAT) Access to Funding: A Resource Guide
for Obtaining Assistive Technology Devices and Services
in Pennsylvania. Institute on Disabilities/UAP Temple
University Ritter Hall Annex Room 423, Philadelphia, PA
Help us enrich this site.
please submit information to